Abbottabad

Abbottabad (/ˈæbətəbæd/ or /ˈɑːbtəbæd/) (Urdu, Hindko: ایبٹ آباد Aibṭ ābād [ɛːbʈaːˈbaːd̪]) is a city located in the Hazara region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, in northeastern Pakistan. The city is situated in 110 kilometres (68 mi) north of the capital Islamabad, 130 kilometres (81 mi) from Rawalpindi and 150 kilometres (93 mi) northeast of Peshawar at an altitude of 1,260 metres (4,134 ft) and is the capital of the Abbottabad District. Kashmir lies to the east of the city.

The city is well known throughout Pakistan for its pleasant weather, high-standard educational institutions and for hosting the Pakistan Military Academy in Kakul. It remains a popular hill station attracting hundreds of thousands of tourists every year.

History

Abbottabad, was the headquarters of the Hazara District during British rule of the Indian Subcontinent. It was named after Major James Abbott who founded the town and district in January 1853 after the annexation of Punjab. He remained the first Deputy Commissioner of the Hazara district from 1849 until April 1853. Major Abbott is noted for having written a poem titled “Abbottabad”, before he went back to Britain, in which he wrote of his fondness for the town and his sadness at having to leave it. In the early 20th century, Abbottabad became an important military cantonment and sanatorium, serving as the headquarters of a brigade in the Second Division of the Northern Army Corps. The garrison consisted of four battalions of native infantry, of the Frontier Force (including the 5th Gurkha Rifles) and two native mountain batteries.

In 1901, the population of the town and cantonment was 7,764 and the income averaged around Rs. 14,900. This increased to Rs. 22,300 in 1903, chiefly derived from octroi. During this time chief public institutions were built such as the Albert Victor unaided Anglo-Vernacular High School, the Municipal Anglo-Vernacular High School and the Government dispensary. In 1911, the population had risen to 11,506 and the town also contained four battalions of Gurkhas. In June 1948, the British Red Cross opened a hospital in Abbottabad to deal with thousands of patients who were being brought in from the Kashmir fighting areas.

Geography

The city is bounded at all four sides by the Sarban hills, from which residents and tourists can see breathtaking views of the region and city. The location of the city and the hills allows Abbottabad to experience pleasant weather in the summer and cold winters. The Dor river flows south of Abbottabad through the town of Harnol, eventually reaching Tarbela Dam, situated west of Abbottabad. Neighbouring districts are Mansehra to the north, Muzaffarabad to the east, Haripur to the west and Islamabad Capital Territory to the south.

Topography

Abbottabad is situated in the Orash Valley lying between 34°92′N latitude and 73°13′E longitude at an altitude of 4,120 feet (1,260 m). To the north is the picturesque Kaghan Valley.

Climate

Abbottabad has a humid subtropical climate, with mild to warm temperatures during the spring and autumn months, hot temperatures during June and July, and cool to mild temperatures during the winter. The temperature can rise as high as 38 °C (100 °F) during the mid-summer months and drop below −5 °C (23 °F) during the extreme cold waves. Snowfall occurs occasionally in December and January, though it is sparse, while the heavy rainfall events occurs during the monsoon season stretching from July to September that frequently cause flooding in lower lying parts of the city.

 

                                                           Climate data for Abbottabad, Pakistan

 

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 12
(54)
14
(57)
18
(64)
23
(73)
28
(82)
33
(91)
30
(86)
28
(82)
28
(82)
25
(77)
20
(68)
15
(59)
22
(72)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
4
(39)
8
(46)
12
(54)
16
(61)
20
(68)
20
(68)
18
(64)
17
(63)
13
(55)
8
(46)
4
(39)
11
(52)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 73
(2.87)
103
(4.06)
123
(4.84)
104
(4.09)
73
(2.87)
77
(3.03)
247
(9.72)
244
(9.61)
96
(3.78)
51
(2.01)
31
(1.22)
47
(1.85)
1,269
(49.95)

Economy

Abbottabad has been attracting tourists to the city since the colonial era, as it is a major transit point to all major tourist regions of Pakistan such as Nathiagali, Ayubia and Naran. According to the Imperial Gazetteer of India, “the town is picturesquely situated at the southern corner of the Rash (Orash) plain, 4,120 feet (1,260 m) above the sea”.

Like much of the mountainous Northern Areas, tourism is an important source of income in Abbottabad. In the summer when temperatures rise to around 45 degrees Celsius in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, a large number of tourists travel to Abbottabad. The Karakoram Highway, which traces one of the paths of the ancient Silk Road, starts from Hasan Abdal on the N5 and heads north passing through the city, eventually reaching Khunjerab Pass. The Karakorum Highway is a major attraction itself for its views. The Karakoram, Himalayas and the Hindu Kush ranges can be approached from Abbottabad and it continues to be a transit city for tourists, serving as a base for visiting numerous nearby places, such as Hunza, Gilgit, Skardu and Indus Kohistan, of the Karakoram Range.

Tourism

Abbottabad is popular not just with visitors but with those looking to relocate. Its weather, peaceful reputation and the perceived security of a garrison have drawn many from other cities to work or educate their children. There was an influx of migrants from Azad Kashmir after the 2005 Kashmir Earthquake, another from the Swat District during military operations against militants in 2009 and 2010, and also from Waziristan after the army launched major operations against the Taliban in 2009. There is an under construction £19m amusement park in the city located on a 50-acre site is includes a zoo, adventure sports facilities, restaurants and artificial waterfalls.

Some popular tourist destinations in and around Abbottabad include:

Ayubia National Park Bara Gali
Dor River Valley (at Harnoi/Harnol) Dunga Gali
Harnoi Ilyasi Mosqu
Khaira Gali Nathia Gali
Shimla Hill Thandiani
Kukmang Raees Khana Bazar
Sangimaira/Tharyati Barra Hottar
Boi-Marhes Kunhar River Spot-Boi
Boi Bazar-Kashmir-Point

Mandian

Mandian is the northern part of Abbottabad city. The population of this area is 100,000. The word Mandian means fruit or vegetable markets: it is a center of commerce with markets and businesses. Today Mandian is a busy hub of the city.

Mandian is also known as Missile Chowk, because a Ghori Missile is installed there.

Many renowned schools and colleges are in Mandian like Brook Montessori and School System, Government Postgraduate College Mandian, Army Burn Hall College, Wisdom House Public School,Pakistan International Public School and College (PIPS) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa University of Engineering & Technology Abbottabad Campus. Ayub Medical College and COMSAT Institute of Information Technology Abbottabad campus is situated 1 km away in the north from Mandian on main Karakoram Highway in Mirpur and Abbottabad Public School,Abbottabad International Medical College and Frontier Medical College is 5 km away on the same karakoram highway from Mandian,in the northern end of Abbottabad city.

Mandian has a small industrial estate, which promotes medium- and small-scale industries and provides employment to hundreds of people.

Culture

There’s a city in Abbottabad District recognised with the aid of the name of Nawanshehr. The oldest and largest mosque of Abbottabad, Ilysai Masjid is discovered to be there. since the climate of Abbottabad is fine, many humans from different parts of the united states come to go to this ancient mosque.

Language:
The foremost language spoken inside the Abbottabad district is Hindko (94.26% of the whole population). Hindko feels like Punjabi. other languages spoken are Urdu, Pushto and Punjabi.

Customs and Traditions:
Abbottabad is a well- cultured area, with a combination of contemporary and historical cultures. The religious bonds are very tight and majority of the people are fond of Islamic traditions and that they comply with the path of Allah. The customs of the city consist of Hujra meetings (sitting), the Islamic traditions are pretty outstanding in rural areas and that they have excessive ethical values within the society.
Clothes:
The commonplace dress of the humans is Shalwar Qamiz, but the government officers and college students more often than not put on coats and trousers. The traditional Turban, Kraquli, Patti caps are also worn by means of human beings. carrying waistcoats and coats over Shalwar Qamiz is likewise a fashion. For the ladies, they wear the country wide dress, Shalwar Qamiz, Dupatta and Chaddar.